Ted Thornton
History of the Middle East Database
Benchmarks in the History of the Palestinians

Origins of Key Geographical Terms


History by Region or State


History by Time Period


Special Topics









Origins of the name "Palestine"

The Arab-Israeli Wars



Palestinian Intifadas:      1987, 2000

Summer 2006 War
Peace Initiatives
Jerusalem's Holy Sites

1858, 1867: Ottoman Period Land and Tax Reforms.

1915-1930: World War I and Aftermath

1915: British Promises to the Arabs.

1916: Sykes-Picot Agreement.

1917: Balfour Declaration.

1919: King-Crane Commission.

1928-1929: "Wailing Wall" Disturbances.

1935, November 20: Death of Sheikh Izz al-Din al-Qassam.

1936-1938: Arab Revolt.

Later Mandate Period (1930-1947)

1947, November 29: United Nations Partition Plan.


1948: First Arab-Israeli War.

1948, December 11: U.N. Resolution 194.

1953: Ariel Sharon's "Unit 101."

1956: Second Arab-Israeli War.

1957: Fatah founded.

1964: Creation of the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO).

1967, June: Third Arab-Israeli War.

1967, July: Allon Plan to hold on to occupied territories.

1967, November 22: U.N. Resolution 242.

1968, March 21: Battle of Karameh.

1969: Fatah becomes leading faction of PLO.

1969, November: "The Cairo Agreement," a pact between Lebanon and the PLO.

1970: "Black September."

1973, October 6-26: Fourth Arab-Israeli (Yom Kippur/Ramadan) War.

1973, October 22: U.N.  Resolution 338.

1974 to 1989

1974, November 22:  U.N. 3236 rules Jordan has no legal rights to West Bank.

1975-1989: Civil War in Lebanon.

1976, March 30:  "Land Day" demonstrations.

1978: Palestinian-American scholar Edward Said publishes Orientalism.

1980, July 2: Israeli militants attack two West Bank mayors.

1985, February 11: Amman Agreement.

1987-1993: First Intifada. 

1987: HAMAS founded.

1988, November 15: Palestinian leadership proclaims a state.

1988, July 30: Jordan's King Hussein disavows all Jordanian claims to sovereignty in the West Bank.  (more on Jordan)

1989, May 2: PLO Chairman Arafat says clause in charter calling for Israel's destruction is "null and void."

1990-1992:  Gulf Wars Period (1990-1992)

1991: Madrid Conference.

1993-1994: Oslo Period

1993: Oslo Peace Accord   Assessment of Oslo.

1994, July1: PLO Chairman Arafat returns to geographical Palestine.

1994, July 17: "Bread Intifada."


1996, January 20: Arafat is elected President.

1998: Wye Plantation Agreement.


2000, July: Failure at Camp David.

2001, January: Arafat turns down deal brokered by President Clinton.

2000-2005:  Second Intifada.

2001-2002 Post Nine-Eleven

2001, October 2: President Bush calls for the creation of a Palestinian state.


2003, April: "Roadmap" Peace Plan.

2003, October: Geneva Accord.

2004, April: U.S. Reversal on Settlements.

2004, November 11: Death of Yasir Arafat.


2005, January:  Mahmoud Abbas elected President.

2005, February 8:  Sharm al-Sheikh Truce.

2005, August: Israeli Withdrawal from Gaza.

2005, October 20: President Bush reaffirms U.S. commitment to create a Palestinian state.

2005, October: Truce ends, outbreak of new violence.

2005, December: HAMAS posts big wins in municipal elections. More on HAMAS.

2005 - 2007: Political crisis in the Palestinian Territories.

2006, March 14: Israel raids Palestinian jail in Jericho.

2006, April 17: Palestinian suicide bombing in Tel Aviv.

2006, May 12: Muslim clerics meeting in Doha, Qatar issue a call saying no part of historic Palestine should be given up or negotiated away.

2006, May 15: The PLO opens an office in Beirut after twenty-four year hiatus.

2006, Summer: War with Israel.

2007, February 9: Rioting at al-Aqsa.

2008, Winter-Spring: Spiraling violence between Gaza and Israel and worst humanitarian crisis in Gaza since the 1967 war.

2008, June:  Israel-HAMAS six month truce begins.

2008, December 27: New Israeli offensive in Gaza commences.


See also IsraelPeace Initiatives in the Arab-Israeli Conflict, and BBC: Israel and the Palestinians in Depth, and BBC: "Passions That Shape Life in Jerusalem"


Top of Page

email: tthornton@nmhschool.org

Last Revised: December 27, 2008