Ted Thornton
History of the Middle East Database
Benchmarks in the History of Modern Jordan

Origins of Key Geographical Terms


History by Region or State


History by Time Period


Special Topics









ca. 85 B.C.E. Ancient roots: Nabateans and Petra.

1915: Husayn-McMahon Correspondence.

1916:  Beginnings of Modern Jordan, Sykes-Picot Agreement.

1918: British assume control over Jordan (known then as "Transjordan").

1919: American King-Crane Commission recommendations.

1921: Cairo Conference, Abdullah designated "Amir" of Transjordan.

1924: Wahhabi raids. 

1925, May 25: Anglo-Jordanian Treaty separates Transjordan from Palestine Mandate.

1937: Peel Commission recommends partition of British Mandate.

1939-1956: Arab Legion led and trained by British General "Glubb Pasha."

1945: Transjordan participates in formation of Arab League.

1946: "Jordan" becomes an independent kingdom, Abdullah crowns himself king.

1947: Britain divests itself of League of Nations mandate, U.N. Partition Plan for Palestine, and Abdullah's secret talks with the Jewish Agency.   Discovery of the Dead Sea Scrolls at Qumran.

1948: War with Israel, Jordan gains control of West Bank.

1950: Jordan formally annexes the West Bank.

1951, July 20:  Assassination of King Abdullah, accession of King Talal.

1952, August 11: King Talal deposed, accession of King Hussein.

1953: Israeli attack on Qibya.   Founding of Hizb al-Tahrir. 

1958, May 12: Jordan and Iraq agree to a union (based on that of Egypt and Syria)

1958, July: Attempted coup against King Hussein broken up.

1960 and 1962:  Egypt tries and fails to assassinate King Hussein.

1965: Israeli raids on West Bank.

1966: Israeli raids on West Bank.

1967: War with Israel, Jordan loses West Bank.  

1968, March 21: Battle of Karameh.

1970, August:  Rogers Plan to end War of Attrition.

1970, September:  "Black September," PLO flees to Beirut.

1974, November:  U.N. rules Jordan has no legal rights to West Bank.

1982: Jordan implicated in Hama Uprising.

1985, February 11: Jordan and PLO sign "Amman Agreement."

1988, July 30: King Hussein disavows all Jordanian claims to sovereignty over the West Bank.

1994: Jordan signs peace treaty with Israel.

1996: Bread riots.

1997: Jordan and Israel argue over water.

1999: Death of King Hussein, accession of King Abdullah II.

2002, May: New divorce law permits women to initiate divorce from husbands.

2002, November:  Queen Rania provokes row over citizenship for Palestinians.

2004, November 10: King Abdullah issues his "Amman Message."

2004, December 7: King Abdullah II warns against spreading Iranian "crescent" of influence in the region.

2005, March:  King Abdullah II proposes that Arab governments normalize relations with Israel.

2005, April 8: New reformist government appointed.

2005, August 19: Missile attacks on Aqaba and Eilat.

2005, November 9: Suicide bomb attacks in Amman.

2006, September 4: Attack on tourists in Amman.

2006, November, 27: King Abdullah warns of three-prong civil war and calls for regional peace process.

2007, November: Islamists sustain big losses in parliamentary elections.


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email: tthornton@nmhschool.org

Last Revised: November 21, 2007